Version: 4.x.x

Client Overview

GraphQL Kotlin provides a set of lightweight type-safe GraphQL HTTP clients. The library provides Ktor HTTP client and Spring WebClient based reference implementations as well as allows for custom implementations using other engines, see client customization documentation for additional details. Type-safe data models are generated at build time by the GraphQL Kotlin Gradle and Maven plugins.

Client Features:

  • Supports query and mutation operations
  • Supports batch operations
  • Automatic generation of type-safe Kotlin models supporting kotlinx.serialization and Jackson formats
  • Custom scalar support - defaults to String but can be configured to deserialize to specific types
  • Supports default enum values to gracefully handle new/unknown server values
  • Native support for coroutines
  • Easily configurable Ktor and Spring WebClient based HTTP Clients
  • Documentation generated from the underlying GraphQL schema

Project Configuration#

GraphQL Kotlin provides both Gradle and Maven plugins to automatically generate your client code at build time. In order to auto-generate the client code, plugins require target GraphQL schema and a list of query files to process.

GraphQL schema can be provided as

  • result of introspection query (default)
  • downloaded from an SDL endpoint
  • local file

See Gradle and Maven plugin documentation for additional details.

GraphQL Kotlin plugins generated classes are simple POJOs that implement GraphQLClientRequest and optionally accept variables (only if underlying operation uses variables) as a constructor parameter. Generated classes can then be passed directly to a GraphQL client to execute either a single or a batch request.

Example below configures the project to use introspection query to obtain the schema and uses Spring WebClient based HTTP client.

Build Configuration#

Basic build.gradle.kts Gradle configuration that executes introspection query against specified endpoint to obtain target schema and then generate the clients under com.example.generated package name:

import com.expediagroup.graphql.plugin.gradle.graphql
plugins {
id("com.expediagroup.graphql") version $latestGraphQLKotlinVersion
dependencies {
graphql {
client {
endpoint = "http://localhost:8080/graphql"
packageName = "com.example.generated"

See graphql-kotlin-client-example project for complete working examples of Gradle and Maven based projects.

Generating GraphQL Operations#

By default, GraphQL Kotlin build plugins will attempt to generate GraphQL operations from all *.graphql files located under src/main/resources. Operations are validated against the target GraphQL schema, which can be manually provided, retrieved by the plugins through introspection (as configured in examples above) or downloaded directly from a custom SDL endpoint. See our documentation for more details on supported Gradle tasks and Maven Mojos.

When creating your GraphQL operations make sure to always specify an operation name and name the files accordingly. Each one of your GraphQL operation files will generate a corresponding Kotlin file with a class matching your operation name. Input objects, enums and custom scalars definitions will be shared across different operations. All other objects will be generated operation specific package name. For example, given HelloWorldQuery.graphql with HelloWorldQuery as the operation name, GraphQL Kotlin plugins will generate a corresponding HelloWorldQuery.kt file with a HelloWorldQuery class under the configured package.

For example, given a simple schema

type Query {
helloWorld: String

And a corresponding HelloWorldQuery.graphql query

query HelloWorldQuery {

Plugins will generate following client code

package com.example.generated
import com.expediagroup.graphql.client.types.GraphQLClientRequest
import kotlin.String
import kotlin.reflect.KClass
const val HELLO_WORLD_QUERY: String = "query HelloWorldQuery {\n helloWorld\n}"
class HelloWorldQuery: GraphQLClientRequest<HelloWorldQuery.Result> {
override val query: String = HELLO_WORLD_QUERY
override val operationName: String = "HelloWorldQuery"
override fun responseType(): KClass<HelloWorldQuery.Result> = HelloWorldQuery.Result::class
data class Result(
val helloWorld: String

Generated classes are simple POJOs that implement GraphQLClientRequest interface and represent a GraphQL request.

Executing Operations#

GraphQLWebClient uses the Spring WebClient to execute the underlying operations and allows you to customize it by providing an instance of WebClient.Builder. GraphQLWebClient requires target URL to be specified and defaults to use Jackson based GraphQL serializer. Please refer to Spring documentation for additional details.

package com.example.client
import com.expediagroup.graphql.client.spring.GraphQLWebClient
import com.expediagroup.graphql.generated.HelloWorldQuery
import kotlinx.coroutines.runBlocking
fun main() {
val client = GraphQLWebClient(url = "http://localhost:8080/graphql")
runBlocking {
val helloWorldQuery = HelloWorldQuery()
val result = client.execute(helloWorldQuery)
println("hello world query result: ${}")
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